History Puerto Escondido
Established in 1928, Puerto Escondido which is translated literally as “Hidden Port” is the western part of the state of Oaxaca has a history going back more than 2500 years. The Chatino, Zapotec, Mixtec and Aztec cultures all played a significant role in the pre-hispanic history of this regiion. An hour to the north of Puerto Escondido is the town of San Pedro Tututepec, the former capital of the Mixtec empire. Even closer to Puerto, sites along the Rio Verde indeicate were early and very important settlements and ceremonial centers. The coast also has some communities with an African heritage, whose ancestors worked on an early slave plantation. In addition there is a long and rich Spanish colonial history. Thus this part of the state has a complex interweaving of indigenous, Spanish and African cultures.
Indigenous people of Zapotec, Mixtec and Chatino descent still live in the hills above Puerto Esondido in villages little changed by modern times. These villages are accessible still by the trails and dirt roads that have been used for hundreds of years for the flow of goods and people among their communities and between their communities and the state capital and the coast.